Excessive decoration of houses is wasteful and polluting
now we advocate a conservation oriented society, but the waste in housing decoration is not paid attention to. The indoor environment monitoring committee of China Interior Decoration Association has disclosed that the waste of home decoration in China is very amazing, and the cost of decoration waste will reach more than 30 billion yuan every year. In real life, this kind of waste is also common. The discarded decoration waste not only wastes resources, but also pollutes the environment
>& gt;& gt; Avoid the pollution caused by excessive decoration
decoration waste becomes a habit
manager Pan of a decoration company in the urban area: I am engaged in decoration. Many people often require the replacement of the original kitchen sanitary ware, room electrical switches, sockets, lamps, windows and doors when decorating their new houses. If the wall can be demolished, it should be demolished. If it cannot be demolished, we should try our best to dig a hole to make a closet or something. If some toilets have been equipped with lavatories and toilets, they must all be knocked out and replaced with their own carefully selected ones. Some of these are due to the general quality or style of lavatories, toilets, electrical switches, etc. assembled by developers. Some are not bad, but replacing the original devices has become a habit when people decorate. Some people are too picky or too personalized after buying a hardbound house. They are slightly dissatisfied with the original fine decoration and do secondary decoration, which will inevitably lead to waste. A friend of mine bought a hardbound house with an area of more than 60 square meters. Because he was not satisfied with the decoration effect of the new house, he made some "supplementary decoration" according to his own ideas, but he found that the cost of this "supplementary decoration" had far exceeded the original budget, especially the waste caused by the redecoration of the kitchen and bathroom was too great. Looking back later, I felt that such a violent decoration was really unnecessary
some experience is worth learning
citizen Sun: when decorating, almost every day, workers will see bags of garbage moving out. No one knows how much of this is real garbage and how much is garbage caused by waste of materials. As the decoration works take the form of partial labor and materials contracting, some wood floors and other decoration materials are calculated based on the actual use, and the construction workers waste the decoration materials at will in order to increase the sales volume during the construction. If the overall planning is not done when cutting plates, large plates will be thrown away for nothing. When sticking the corners of the wall and floor tiles, the previously cut size is enough to use but not used, and the whole brick is cut. If you don't choose before laying the floor, not only the color difference is obvious, but also the scarred floor is laid in a conspicuous place. As a result, you have to buy again to make up. At the end of the work, the paint and coating were not used up, but they were not covered and sealed tightly, resulting in dry knots and had to be thrown away. Brushes are not cleaned in time after use, resulting in scrapping, etc. I look distressed, but I can't say more. I'm afraid that the decoration workers will be dissatisfied. In order to vent their emotions, they will waste materials more in the future, so the loss will be greater
later, I consulted experienced insiders in the decoration industry and summarized some experiences: first, determine the design draft in advance and make as few changes as possible during the construction process, so as to prevent the materials from being obsolete and re purchased. 2、 Determine the quantity and buy according to the quantity. If it is necessary to make furniture, let the carpenter calculate the consumption according to the drawing when buying wood, and let him establish the awareness of saving first. If there is not enough material due to waste in the construction process, then we can also distinguish the responsibility. When buying ceramic tiles, first consult the bricklayer to understand the specific size of the wall and ground. Try to choose the ones with appropriate specifications when purchasing, so as to avoid large or small sizes that require a lot of cutting. 3、 When signing the contract, add clauses, list these details that have been considered in advance as far as possible, and distinguish the responsibilities first, so as to safeguard their own rights and interests
economical products need to be developed
Li, a staff member of the Municipal Construction Bureau: most decoration owners now no longer blindly pursue complexity and luxury, and simple, environmental friendly and practical decoration has attracted more and more attention. However, during the decoration, I found that the current energy-saving products in the market need to be developed and utilized. For example, saving water, the washing machine, toilet and shower room at home consume a lot of water, especially in summer, when people shower a lot and change clothes frequently, the water consumption is particularly large. After washing clothes in some household washing machines, the water must be poured into plastic buckets for mopping the floor and flushing the toilet. Although it is tiring to save water by using soil, it can be reused to achieve the purpose of saving water. If there are ready-made water-saving products, it will be much easier. Using soil to save water is not a problem for the elderly, but it is a little difficult for young and middle-aged people with heavy work pressure and housework burden. If there is a water-saving product on the market, it would be great if we could comprehensively utilize domestic water. In Japan, a designer designed a wash basin above the toilet to collect the water from family members' washing hands after defecation and flush the toilet, which has a very obvious water-saving effect. In China, domestic water is far from being recycled, resulting in a serious waste of water resources, which is related to the lack of advanced interior design concepts
beware of decoration "design waste"
citizen Xue: my family has a 120 square meter house, and the contract stipulates that about 60000 yuan can be decorated. However, during the construction process, the project manager suggested that the TV cabinet should be made larger, and the background behind the bed should also be made. Moreover, if spotlights are installed in the living room and dining room, the room will appear bright and gorgeous. At that time, I thought his words would never be wrong. After all, he ate this bowl of rice and should know more than I did, so I asked the designer to revise the plan again. In addition to the living room and dining room, a large number of spotlights were installed in the wine cabinet in the porch, totaling more than 40. The cost is much higher than the amount agreed in the contract. Needless to say, during the use process, I found that these lights can't be turned on several times a year. It's really a waste. I didn't install them until I knew it. Now think about it, decoration waste exists not only in construction, but also in design. In order to increase the cost, some designers often encourage consumers to add items in the decoration design, many of which are impractical functions or surface furnishings. For the local design, they just take a few decoration brochures for the owners to choose. In this way, there are many more decoration contents and projects all at once. The quotation will naturally "rise with the tide", and the company's profits will come out. Therefore, the first key to economical decoration is design. The decoration industry is mainly optimistic about its own money bag. First, stop the waste at the source
the decoration plan of second-hand houses goes ahead.
citizen Ding: I bought a second-hand house. Because the decoration of second-hand houses should include basic water and wire reconstruction, wall renovation, ceiling treatment, floor renovation, door and window renovation and other basic projects, plus the construction time is too long, many second-hand houses are prone to problems in the process of demolition and reconstruction, which will have a certain impact on the construction. For this reason, I consulted many people before the decoration. I took many detours less and spent a lot of money less
I think the decoration of second-hand houses is a systematic project, so it is very necessary to formulate a detailed decoration plan before decoration. In the process of decoration, second-hand houses are different from new houses. The first thing to do is to demolish them, but be careful not to smash all the old ones, and some of the demolished materials can be reused, such as floors, tiles, etc; The key to designing the decoration of second-hand houses is to avoid breaking the load-bearing wall. Due to the small size and compact space of the old house type, there are certain limitations in the decoration design. You might as well try to use the late home accessories to expand the space; It is best to reflect the concept of energy conservation in the decoration process. For example, the transformation of waterways, the lack of rationality of the distribution of pipelines in the old building, and the location of water pipes in kitchens and bathrooms is limited. Once the change is made, it is not only necessary to replace most of the pipes, but also to reasonably divide the space location. At this time, we must choose energy-saving products, such as water-saving faucets and water-saving bathroom products
excessive decoration has become a source of pollution
citizen Du: I began to decorate my new house after buying it at the beginning of the year. The three bedroom and two living room cost nearly 70000 yuan in total. The decoration company has also repeatedly promised me that all the building materials used will meet the environmental protection standards, and the air quality inspection will definitely meet the standards. Moreover, the paint, wallpaper, floor, MDF and other building materials used have certificates of conformity. However, before the furniture was moved in at the end of last month, the new house had already sent out an unpleasant pungent smell. If all kinds of building materials are qualified, how can indoor air pollution occur? I consulted my friends who are engaged in indoor environmental testing and management. He said that the problem lies in "over decoration". You see, you have to "paint the snake and add feet" to lay a layer of blockboard under the solid wood floor, which not only fails to achieve the purpose of refinement, but also leads to the air pollution produced by Blockboard can not be treated, which will also have a great impact on the quality of the floor. This uncontrolled use of decorative building materials and the superposition of limited harmful substances released by qualified products will also cause environmental pollution. After hearing this, I really regret to die
green building refuses to be "flashy"
manager of the Engineering Department of the real estate company: blindly pursue large house types and large windows, and design some unnecessary curved boards, floating boards, frames and other heterosexual objects for buildings in order to be strange. These old consumption concepts and design concepts conflict with the current green building implemented by the state. Take the window wall for example, its proportion is an important parameter in building energy conservation. The size of the window is related to the effects of lighting, ventilation and viewing, so many people mistakenly believe that the larger the window is, the more visually satisfying it will be. In fact, expert research shows that opening windows, which account for 30% of the wall surface, can make people obtain the highest degree of psychological satisfaction. Larger windows can only lead to more energy loss from the windows, which does not meet the requirements of building energy conservation. It is a waste phenomenon in the construction industry. Building decoration waste is another manifestation of building waste. For example, more and more buildings are installing glass curtain walls on the surface. Because the direct sunlight into the building increases the indoor temperature, many buildings have to rely on the air conditioning system to adjust the room temperature all year round, which causes a huge loss of electric energy. Therefore, the building itself should refuse to be flashy and be designed from the perspective of energy conservation and environmental protection