The hottest industrial heritage alive

2022-07-31
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Industrial Heritage "live"

go through the air corridor bridge transformed by the power pipeline, come to the square filled with the industrialization of the last century to see a fashion exhibition, participate in a beach party in the site reconstructed by the coal pool, visit the nostalgic market selling memories in the old warehouse, and finally sit in the coffee shop transformed by the old factory to savor this short tearing journey old factory buildings, old equipment, old products and old workshops, These industrial heritages, which have continued the industrial civilization and written the modernization process, bear the historical memory and cultural accumulation of the industry and the city

nowadays, on the premise of protecting these industrial heritages, a large number of old objects have come back to life through creative transformation and innovative development

there are nearly a thousand industrial heritages in China.

it has long been said that there is a locomotive square here, which is a good place for ajedium high-performance films and laminated inhibitors with both distinctive industrial characteristics and fashionable atmosphere, but I haven't taken the time to come. Today, I made a special appointment with some friends to see the locomotive of the old steam locomotive and the former special railway line. I took some beautiful photos by the way. I feel very good. In the 751D Park fashion design square, Ms. Wang, who had just finished taking photos, said with a smile

751D Park, located in Chaoyang District, Beijing, is reconstructed from the state-owned 751 plant, a national industrial heritage. Here, the first spiral wet gas storage tank (now named 79 tank) in Beijing has retained the color of rust after special treatment, and has become a press conference venue with strong industrial wind; The desulfurization tower has been transformed into a fashion corridor, the power pipe corridor into a corridor bridge, and the cracking furnace and auxiliary process area into a power square. Now, 751D park has become a good place for many tourists to visit and play

Zhou Lan, deputy director of the Industrial Cultural Heritage Research Institute of the industrial culture development center of the Ministry of industry and information technology, introduced to this newspaper that there are many places like the state-owned 751 factory in the country. This year, the Ministry of industry and information technology organized a thorough investigation on the national industrial heritage, and sorted out the heritage projects of the new biopolymer formula industry specially designed for the injection molding durable goods and 3D printing fields brought to the Asian market by the high-value industrial NatureWorks built before the reform and opening up. According to incomplete statistics, there are nearly a thousand industrial heritages in China, which were mainly formed in several important stages: the first is the ancient handicraft industry period, the second is the Westernization Movement in the late Qing Dynasty and the national industry period in the Republic of China, the third is from the founding of new China to the 1960s, and the fourth is from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s. In terms of distribution period, the industrial heritage from the founding of new China to the reform and opening up accounted for about 2/3; In terms of industry, the industrial heritage in the field of raw materials accounts for more than 1/3, and the industrial heritage in the field of equipment manufacturing and consumer goods accounts for more than 1/5

the protection and utilization of so many industrial heritages has become a major problem. The relevant person in charge of the industrial policy department of the Ministry of industry and information technology pointed out that due to the large time span, large number and complex conservation status of China's industrial heritage projects, with the acceleration of industrial transformation and upgrading and urbanization, many old factories and mines have been shut down and relocated, and a number of important industrial heritage are facing the risk of loss. In addition, in the process of utilization, the industrial heritage faces the risk of secondary damage due to the inaccurate grasp of the core value of the industrial heritage

industrial heritage affects urban memory

in the face of the seriousness and urgency of industrial heritage protection, the Ministry of industry and information technology recently issued the Interim Measures for the management of national industrial heritage to regulate the identification, protection and utilization of national industrial heritage. The Ministry of industry and information technology pointed out that the protection of industrial heritage has a strong public welfare attribute. At the same time, industrial heritage has a high economic and social value. Promoting the rational use of industrial heritage is not only an internationally accepted standard, but also an important condition for better protection and sustainable development of industrial heritage

how to identify industrial heritage? According to the interim measures, the national industrial heritage has four conditions. First, it has symbolic significance in Chinese history or industry history, has witnessed the origin of the industry in the world or China, has an important impact on Chinese history or world history, and is closely related to Chinese social changes or important historical events and figures, and has high historical value. Second, major changes in industrial production technology are representative, reflecting technological innovation and technological breakthrough in a certain industry, region or historical period, It has an important impact on the follow-up scientific and Technological Development and has high scientific and technological value; Third, it should have rich industrial cultural connotation, have a strong influence on the social, economic and cultural development at that time, reflect the social style of the same period, have broad recognition among the public, and have high social value; Fourth, its planning, design and engineering represent the features of a specific historical period or region, which has an important impact on industrial aesthetics and has high artistic value

at present, the Ministry of industry and information technology has successively published two batches of national industrial heritage lists. Qingdao No. 5 national cotton mill ranks among them. The textile Valley, which is now very popular in Qingdao, was built on the former site of the No. 5 national cotton mill through comprehensive repair and innovative utilization

in the past, when the plant was built, the tap water had not yet reached this place. In order to solve the problem of production and domestic water, a water tower was built. A well was dug below, and then the water was pumped up, and then the water was dispersed to the plant by using the drop. Some people planted several Parthenocissus here in those days, but now they grow thicker than people's arms. It can be said that this water tower has witnessed the centennial development history of Qingdao textile. Jiangcaixian, general manager of Qingdao Textile Valley Culture Communication Co., Ltd., is an old textile man. He knows all the old objects in the factory

now, including the water tower, the factory has more than 80 years of textile equipment, sawtooth main plant, old well, railway bridge, lithium bromide cooling tower and other 10 core items, which have become the focus of protection and utilization

Jiang Cai first introduced that, following the principle of protective development, the textile Valley has developed and built ecological venues led by the Textile Museum, a century old exhibition hall, an exhibition center, a time corridor, a red brick corridor, and a painter's studio on the basis of the protection of the old textile factory sites and scenic spots, integrating cultural innovation into industrial tourism and comprehensively exploring industry 6 Overall dimension (length × wide × Height) 750 × four hundred × Cultural, economic, technological and social values of 1000 (mm) heritage. Industrial heritage is the memory of the city, which can represent the city and tell the history. The textile valley should build a spiritual home for Chinese textile workers. Jiang Caixian said affectionately

it is necessary to protect and make rational use of

wangjiangping, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said at the experience exchange meeting on the protection and utilization of industrial heritage held recently that at present, the protection and utilization of industrial heritage has achieved phased results, a number of important industrial heritage have been effectively protected, typical experience in utilization and development has been emerging, and a good social atmosphere paying attention to the protection and utilization of industrial heritage is forming

the relevant person in charge of the industrial policy department of the Ministry of industry and information technology pointed out that the Interim Measures issued this time further clarified the requirements for the identification, protection and management, utilization and development of national industrial heritage, which helps to effectively guide the protection and utilization of industrial heritage nationwide. The Interim Measures also propose to support the use of resources related to national industrial heritage to build industrial museums, develop industrial tourism, build industrial cultural industrial parks, characteristic towns (blocks), innovation and entrepreneurship bases, cultivate industrial design, arts and crafts, industrial creative industries, etc., and encourage the strengthening of rational use of industrial heritage as a way to promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries on the premise of effective protection of national industrial heritage, We will accelerate the transformation of old and new driving forces to serve economic and social development

the protection and utilization of industrial heritage has achieved remarkable results, but there are also many problems, such as the relevant staff do not have a deep understanding, insufficient understanding and inadequate protection awareness in the application process; The property right of industrial heritage is not clear; The property owner has misunderstandings about the review and fears that the continued use will be affected after the successful application, which has formed a certain obstacle to the protection of industrial heritage. Zhou Lan said

zhangjunyuan, general manager of Beijing dibaike Cultural Development Co., Ltd., told this newspaper that industrial heritage records important information at different stages of China's industrialization process and carries the historical memory and cultural accumulation of the industry and the city. 751D Park explored the activation and utilization of industrial resources from the perspective of respecting history, inheriting and developing, and green and low carbon. We closely combine the original 751 factory with technology, fashion, art and culture, and present it in the form of fashion design studio, exhibition and release space, creative coffee shop, design store, etc., giving it a new mission and connotation

Zhou Lan believes that the two extreme tendencies of Pan heritage and de heritage should be abandoned and the protection of industrial heritage should be highly valued. Highlight local and industrial characteristics, adopt more micro transformation methods, give better play to the educational function of industrial heritage, and realize the dynamic inheritance and sustainable development of industrial civilization

nowadays, Qingdao Textile Museum in the textile Valley has become one of the most distinctive textile museums in China. Taking the display of industrial heritage as the starting point, it has formed the layout of nine museums and 18 scenes. It is the national youth science popularization education base and patriotism education base. Jiang Caixian said that the precious industrial heritage should be treated in the mode of protection and development, the old should be repaired as the old, and new cultural connotation should be injected into it in combination with the characteristics of the times

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