The hottest industrial cluster may be able to test

2022-08-03
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At present, the Ministry of industry and information technology has determined the general idea of "integration of industrialization and industrialization" with systematic promotion, multi-dimensional promotion and key breakthroughs, emphasizing the three-level development idea of "point to area". The integration of industrialization and industrialization of industrial clusters is the key point to further promote the application of information technology from single application to integrated application, and from single enterprise application to the overall application of industrial clusters, It is an efficient measure to promote the in-depth integration of industrialization and industrialization, and has the effect of "four Liang" and "one thousand jin"

a. development status

the public service platform is developing rapidly, and the integration trend of two industries is obvious.

first, the integration level of industrialization and industrialization of industrial clusters is low, and the information coverage is narrow.

the integration of industrialization and industrialization of industrial clusters in China is at a low level. The informatization of industrial clusters is mostly reflected in the application of financial management, information query, product publicity, opening stores, etc., of which the system is the most widely used in industrial clusters. Taking the household appliance industry as an example, 53% of enterprises' informatization covers more than half of their main business processes. The most widely used is financial management, followed by purchase, sales and inventory management. However, the application of informatization in R & D innovation, enterprise management and advanced production is not deep enough and popular enough

second, there are differences in the development level of the integration of industrialization and industrialization in various industrial clusters.

due to the different demands of capital and technology intensity on informatization, the integration level of different industries varies greatly. The survey shows that the equipment industry cluster has a high degree of informatization. CAD application reached more than 90%, the application rate of financial system reached 89%, and the application rate of ERP system reached 59.2%. In the heavy mining machinery industry, 35.9% of enterprises are in the local application stage, 20.3% are in the comprehensive application stage, and 9.4% are in the deep application stage. However, the application of informatization in the main business links of light industry clusters is weak. Taking the cotton textile industry as an example, about one third of the surveyed enterprises have basically realized the management informatization of the main business links, but one fifth of the enterprises have a weak application foundation of management informatization; The application rate of computer-aided cotton blending is less than half

third, the rapid development of various information-based public service platforms

the information-based public service platform for small and medium-sized enterprises is an important intersection and a powerful starting point for the integration of informatization of small and medium-sized enterprises and industrialization of industrial clusters. The informatization service platform in the cluster can effectively reduce the use cost of small and medium-sized enterprises and give play to the supporting role of informatization in basic innovation. Under the guidance of the government and the joint promotion of the market mechanism, six types of information-based public service platforms have been continuously developed: the R & D and design type small and medium-sized enterprise information-based public service platforms, mainly based on industrial design material library, lean R & D service platform, collaborative R & D service platform and R & D tool service platform, have been steadily promoted, mainly serving the electronic information, machinery manufacturing, clothing and furniture industries, greatly improving the ability of independent innovation, Promote product upgrading; The information-based public service platform for small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises, mainly based on industrial robot service platform, rapid prototyping service platform and MES service platform, has developed rapidly. It mainly serves the mechanical manufacturing and automobile industry in the fields of industrial robot, rapid prototyping, computer-aided manufacturing, network collaborative manufacturing, etc., greatly improving the automation and intelligence level of manufacturing; The information-based public service platform for small and medium-sized enterprises in enterprise management has begun to take shape. Management software enterprises, SaaS operators and local governments cooperate to establish a management information-based service platform, which is conducive to improving enterprise management and promoting enterprise management innovation; E-commerce service platforms with bulk commodities, foreign trade exports and B2C as the main types are developing rapidly, helping enterprises to explore domestic and foreign markets and promoting the rapid growth of small and medium-sized enterprises; The industrial chain collaborative service platform represented by the steel and automobile industries is gradually emerging to further improve the collaborative efficiency of upstream and downstream enterprises in the industrial chain and reduce inventory and logistics costs; Regional information public service platforms for small and medium-sized enterprises continue to emerge. More than 20 provinces and cities have established non-profit integration service agencies to assist local governments in promoting the integration of industrialization and industrialization and serve the informatization construction of local enterprises

fourth, there is a significant trend of industrial integration, with emerging business forms emerging.

the integration of industrial clusters and industrialization is conducive to strengthening the role of information technology and its industries in traditional industries, making the two industries (or multiple industries) integrated and gradually becoming a new industry. At present, the integration of advanced manufacturing and producer services in the cluster is obvious. On the one hand, the manufacturing industry is service-oriented, and the product centered manufacturing industry extends to value-added services such as R & D design and after-sales service; On the other hand, the service industry should be productized, standardized and standardized, and a productive service industry chain should be formed around the information needs of enterprises

at the same time, the deep integration of industrialization and industrialization has given birth to new business forms, improved the level of related industries and supported industrial clusters, and produced a series of industrial electronics industries such as automotive electronics, marine electronics, mechanical electronics, etc., driving the market demand for a large number of new service industries

b. current situation of key industries

various regions have made remarkable achievements in actively promoting enterprise application.

currently, a number of typical units have emerged in China's light industry, textile, machinery, chemical industry and other industries. Various regions have actively promoted the integration of industrialization and industrialization, and achieved remarkable results and preliminary experience

Textile: in the transitional period from local application to comprehensive integration

since the beginning of the 21st century, China's cotton textile industry has entered a period of rapid development. By 2010, there were 120million ring spinning, 2.32 million rotor spinning and 1.26 million looms in the whole society, making important contributions to the development of the national economy. At present, the textile industry is in a critical period of accelerating industrial upgrading. Enterprises must rely on technological progress and the continuous integration of information technology and enterprise business in order to better cope with the impact of adverse factors such as rising costs, insufficient labor and rapid market changes, and maintain healthy and rapid development in the fierce competition. Based on the evaluation of the integration of industrialization and industrialization of the cotton textile industry by the Ministry of industry and information technology in 2009, the cotton textile industry continued to carry out the evaluation of the integration of industrialization and industrialization in 2011. The evaluation results show that, first, the development level of the integration of industrialization and industrialization of cotton textile industry is in the transitional period from the local application stage to the comprehensive integration stage. About one third of the enterprises participating in the survey have basically realized the management informatization of the main business links, but one fifth of the enterprises still have a very weak application foundation of management informatization; Second, office automation, purchase, sales and inventory, cotton distribution management and other single applications have a certain coverage, and the comprehensive integration level needs to be improved, especially the purchase, sales and inventory management covers more than 60% of the surveyed enterprises; Third, the application of production monitoring and informatization to promote energy conservation and consumption reduction is relatively weak. Among the enterprises participating in the evaluation, 21.9% of them have achieved monitoring through the network, and 18.7% of them have achieved monitoring. Only 19.2% of the enterprises have established energy information management systems to varying degrees, and the overall application level needs to be improved; Fourthly, ERP system, monitoring system, cotton distribution management system, energy management system and other major information technologies and products suitable for the characteristics of the cotton textile industry are becoming more and more mature, which can meet the needs of wide promotion and application in the industry and have a good prospect of promotion; Fifth, cotton textile enterprises have a poor foundation in the application of e-commerce. Among the enterprises participating in the evaluation, only 14.5% of the enterprises have a procurement rate of more than 20%, and 7.3% of the enterprises have a procurement rate of more than 40%. However, the proportion of online sales through e-commerce platform is lower, and only 7.3% of enterprises have an online sales rate of more than 20%

Light Industry: more than half of the main business processes are covered by informatization

take the household appliance industry as an example. According to statistics, in the household appliance industry, 53% of enterprises' informatization covers more than half of the main business processes, and the data integration is high; However, less than 5% of enterprises have reached the advanced level of integrating all major business processes. A considerable number of home appliance enterprises are still in the primary stage where the information system lacks unified planning and the data is difficult to share and use. The proportion of business departments leading the informatization construction is 47%. Among them, the better the development of informatization, the higher the participation of business departments. The most widely used information technology in home appliance enterprises is financial management, followed by purchase, sale and inventory management. E-commerce and business intelligence are less used, less than 5% and 20% respectively. However, the proportion of applying PVC door and window reinforced steel jg/t 131 ⑵ 000 in these two aspects has been increasing, especially in e-commerce

machinery: the level of large enterprises is comparable to that of international peers. During the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the role of small and medium-sized enterprises in the machinery industry has become increasingly prominent

the average annual growth rate of the number of small and medium-sized enterprises in the machinery industry is 15%, accounting for 99.4% of the total number of enterprises, the average annual growth rate of the total assets is 24%, accounting for 69%, the average annual growth rate of the total industrial output value is 31%, accounting for 74%, and the average annual growth rate of the total profits is 35%, accounting for 68%

in general, according to the evaluation report on the development level of the integration of industrialization and industrialization in the machinery industry (heavy machinery industry) issued by China Machinery Industry Federation in 2010, in China's heavy mining machinery industry, 35.9% of enterprises are in the local application stage, 20.3% are in the comprehensive application stage, and 9.4% are in the deep application stage. Some large domestic enterprises, such as China YITUO Group and XCMG group, have entered the group management and control stage in information construction, and their level is comparable to that of international peers

from the perspective of software application, small and medium-sized enterprises in the machinery industry have widely used 3D design, and the coverage of CAE, CAPP and PDM has exceeded half. The information popularization rate of enterprise financial management has reached more than 90%, and information applications such as cost management, procurement management, sales management, inventory management, human resource management and master production plan are common. From the perspective of production process, among the key equipment in small enterprises, the lowest proportion of CNC equipment is 24.5%, the lowest proportion of CNC machine tools is 3.1%, and the highest rate of shortening the R & D cycle of new products is 9.9%

c, problems

the two skin promotion mode of industrialization and informatization needs to be innovated

first, the understanding of the integration of industrialization and informatization of industrial clusters needs to be deepened

the understanding of industrial clusters needs to be deepened. In some local industrial clusters, there are problems of convergence but not convergence, integration but not strong, leading enterprises are not leading, enterprises' R & D ability is not strong, the added value of products is low, there is a lack of independent brands, the market share is not high, and the overall competitiveness is still relatively weak

the idea of promoting the integration of industrialization and industrialization of industrial clusters needs to be further studied. Although we follow the working idea of "point to area", there are still two aspects of industrialization and informatization in the promotion of the integration of industrialization and industrialization of industrial clusters. How to find the entry point in combination with regional industrial characteristics and resource base to achieve the integration effect of "four Liang and one thousand jin" needs to be further studied

the mode of integration of industrialization and industrialization of industrial clusters needs further innovation. How to combine the local resource advantages and industrial characteristics to promote the integration of industrial clusters and realize the synergy of government, enterprises, clusters (parks) and market is worth further discussion

second, the supply and demand of information service resources of the integration of industrialization and industrialization in industrial clusters do not match

due to the wide distribution of industries in which small and medium-sized enterprises are located, the diversified service system for small and medium-sized enterprises in industrial clusters has not been fully formed, and there is a certain regional distribution of information service resources

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